Programming Languages and Their Uses
Programmers use programming languages to communicate with computers. Many different languages exist, and each one has its own unique features, though they all share some similarities. Because each language is different, each may be best suited for a certain purpose or purposes within certain industries. Some programming languages are used to create programs to solve problems or interpret data. Other programming languages are more suitable for making create software or apps that entertain. With a strong need for unique and diverse programming languages, it is virtually impossible to create a single universal programming language that meets all needs. Programming languages are often revised and even combined with other languages over time, evolving to meet our changing technological needs.
- Python is an open-source programming language used by software engineers and back-end Web developers. Python is well-suited for scientific computing, and it is relatively simple to learn.
- Java is prevalent in Web-based development, and it was created in 1995. Many companies in the health sciences, education, and finance industries use Java. Java enables the downloading of applets from websites, which enable browsers to perform additional functions.
- Ruby is an open-source scripting language that coders can use independently or in conjunction with Ruby on Rails. NASA uses Ruby in its work with simulations.
- HTML is used extensively in Web development. HTML is the code that serves as the foundation of Web pages, allowing people to create and structure electronic documents for viewing online.
- C is a middle-level programming language used by software developers and systems analysts. Programmers use C to create applications that integrate with operating systems.
- C++, developed in 1983, is another middle-level programming language and works as an extension of C. Programmers use C++ to create games, graphics, and office applications.
- C# is a programming language used by software engineers who create applications designed to work with Windows operating systems. C# shares similarities with Java.
- Objective-C is an object-oriented language used by mobile developers and software engineers. Developers creating iOS and OS X utilities often use Objective-C.
- PHP was released to the public in 1995. Developers use PHP as an open-source language to create dynamic Web pages. Widely used platforms such as WordPress and Drupal work cohesively with PHP.
- SQL enables programmers to create, read, update, and delete information in a database. Companies use SQL to gather data.
- Apple uses the Swift programming language to create and maintain iOS and OS X applications. Swift 2 is a secondary open-source programming language more recently released by Apple.
The Future of Programming Languages
- Advancing technology promises that programming languages will continue to evolve. However, predicting the future of programming can be challenging.
- As more appliances and devices are designed to operate with a computer chip, software will need to be maintained regularly to keep it up to date and functioning correctly.
- Programmers continually face the challenges of protecting devices from viruses and developing applications that allow users to use their devices cohesively.
- The newest programming languages will be faster and more intuitive with fewer errors and issues. For example, R is one of the most recent programming languages and was designed by statisticians for data analysis.
Resources for Further Reading